There is no day without a religious ceremony. It is the characteristic life on the Island of Bali or the Island of the Gods. One of them is the Usaba Muhu-Muhu at Timbrah customary village, Pertima, Karangasem. People at this village have a philosophy of high significance to maintain the integrity and harmony of their
There is no day without a religious ceremony. It is the characteristic life on the Island of Bali or the Island of the Gods. One of them is the Usaba Muhu-Muhu at Timbrah customary village, Pertima, Karangasem. People at this village have a philosophy of high significance to maintain the integrity and harmony of their residents. It is reflected in the Usaba Muhu–Muhu ritual. This ceremony was held on Saturday (Jan. 9). It is implemented in the form of caru desa or animal sacrifice aiming to neutralize bhuta kala into bhuta hita. Thus, residents continue to live in harmony as well as the universe.
Implementation of this tradition is starting from nyaga ritual. Three days before the Usaba Muhu-Muhu, residents carry out this ritual to neutralize bhuta kala in smaller scale, so as not to disturb other’s courtyard. This ritual is also called metuun buah. At the time of Usaba Muhu-Muhu, balancing ritual is performed in a higher level by the customary village with the caru sacrificing a cow.
Undagi procession when slaughtering cow for the caru oblation always draws the attention of surrounding residents. The cow tied to a concrete pole is slaughtered by the undagi and this lasts tensely. It is thrashing about when slaughtered so that makes people tense. However, this procession is more secure than a similar ritual at Asak village, where the cow is released and then bombarded with swords, machetes and other sharp weapons, when the Usaba Kaulu held at the village.
Nengah Sukada, the local community leader, conveyed that the tradition is held once a year, precisely every new moon of the seventh month in Balinese calendar or around January. Residents of the supporting villages and two sesabu hamlets come down to carry out the task of devotional works at their respective hamlet to prepare ritual means.
After the procession is over, people carry out prayers at the Dalem Tengah Temple. Ritual at this temple is officiated over by great-grandfather and dahyang. Great-grandparent officiates over the offerings in the kemulan shrine on the pedestal, while the dahyang officiates over the kemulan offerings under the pedestal. Interestingly, after saying prayers together, local residents ranging from parents to children join a shared meal or megibung, enjoying the beef as the remainder of the ritual means. Residents sit together in place that have been provided by customary village, such as meeting pavilion, long pavilion and gamelan troupe pavilion.
Some other sources at the local village mention that the tradition of Usaba Muhu-Muhu is also considered as the implementation of the Shiva Purana, namely when Durgha goes up against the Mahisasura giant cow or buffalo. Today, it is celebrated as a form of human self-control in order to avoid animal nature. (BTN/kmb)