Three genres of Balinese traditional dance are listed by the UNESCO in the field of Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection. The three Balinese traditional dance genres are included in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity of the UNESCO on December 2, 2015 after experiencing a delayed discussion in 2011 because each country
Three genres of Balinese traditional dance are listed by the UNESCO in the field of Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection. The three Balinese traditional dance genres are included in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity of the UNESCO on December 2, 2015 after experiencing a delayed discussion in 2011 because each country can only process one heritage per year.
There are three dance genres in Balinese culture spread over nine districts / municipality consisting of Karangasem, Klungkung, Bangli, Gianyar, Badung, Tabanan, Jembrana, Buleleng and Denpasar. Three genres of the Balinese traditional dance comprise the sacred dance like the Rejang Dance, Sanghyang Dedari and Ritual Baris; semi-sacred dance (14-19 AD) like the Sidakarya Mask, Gambuh ballet and Wayang Wong ballet; and performance dance like the Legong Keraton, Joged Bumbung and Barong.
Hilmar Farid, Director General of Culture at the Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs, when met at the conferment of the certificate of recognition from the UNESCO at Setia Darma House of Mask and Puppet, Ubud, Sunday (Jun. 12) said that the award is a recognition of the UNESCO as an effort to preserve culture. It is not only seen in terms of the creation but also of the community’s efforts to preserve Balinese culture. “It is not only assessed in terms of beauty, but also of the ability to manage. So, it is also the matter of management. People have got involved in artistic activities from childhood and the results are awesome. This is passed on through generations,” he said. With such recognition, it will increase the responsibility to preserve because it has gained international recognition so that it should be included in the development agenda.
Prof. I Nyoman Darma Putra, Director of the Tourism Graduate Program at the Udayana University, assessed the determination of Balinese classical dance as intangible cultural heritage by the UNESCO provides many advantages. Such international recognition shows that tourism in Bali is developed and the culture remains sustainable. “In the past, a lot of people said that tourism disrupted culture where dances would be commercialized. But the acknowledgment of the UNESCO has showed that tourism is also advanced in harmony with the sustainability of culture chiefly the dance,” he explained, Monday (Jun. 13).
Additionally, the inclusion of Balinese classical dance in the world cultural heritage shows that Balinese people have got an achievement in the arts, in the preservation of cultural heritage. It is time make the predicate of the UNESCO a benchmark to continuously develop the Balinese classical dance and other growing arts so that they are becoming stronger evidence that tourism in Bali develops, while culture is still sustainable. Determination of Balinese classical dance will also make the image of Bali increasingly brilliant as a cultural tourist destination.
The development of Bali tourism is determined by many things. Thus, it is certainly difficult if the determination as world cultural heritage by the UNESCO will have a direct impact on tourism business. “Tourism business is something complex, either due to transportation, many flights, accommodation, facilities and the attraction of Balinese arts. Obviously if the Bali tourism increases, one of which giving the contribution is the culture including the Balinese classical dance,” he affirmed.
“Other fields such as the cultural landscape heritage of Bali province including the Jatiluwih, Taman Ayun and Pakerisan Watershed as the UNESCO cultural heritage have shown direct impact where the tourist visit to Jatiluwih has increased two to three times since it was determined by the UNESCO. Surely it is very delighted but can be a challenge,” he added.
Damaged and narrow road access should not make the great name a boomerang. On that account, the cultural landscape, classical dances and all the supporting elements should be developed so that they can really become a proud for the owners of the culture and visitors. (kmb42)