Tenganan is one of Bali’s ancient traditional villages –known as Bali Aga villages and is located in Manggis, Karangasem. The people of Tanganan follow a pattern of life determined by customary rules or bylawas, known as awig-awig. Locale people follow the guidelines of the awig-awig that was passed down from their ancestors. The design and
Tenganan is one of Bali’s ancient traditional villages –known as Bali Aga villages and is located in Manggis, Karangasem. The people of Tanganan follow a pattern of life determined by customary rules or bylawas, known as awig-awig. Locale people follow the guidelines of the awig-awig that was passed down from their ancestors.
The design and spatial layout of the buildings of Teganan are still original and thus comply with customary rules regarding architecture giving this village a unique appearance. Tenganan also has a distinctive traditional attire made from geringsing woven fabric. The people of Tenganan and other Bali Aga villages have different beliefs than the rest of the Balinese. For example the people of Tenganan do not recognize caste.
local villager are make the gringsing woven fabric
Tenganan village also has a unique tradition known as the pandanus war named for the thorny pandanus leaves with which the participants are armed as this ceremonial yet visceral ‘war’ every June. Visitors are welcome to watch as the villagers of Tenganan show respect to Lord Indra –the god of war by engaging in ceremonial battle with one and other wearing traditional pegrinsgingan sarongs, shawls and a headband. Before the pandanus war begins, residents of Tenganan perform a ngelawang procession that involves moving around the village pleadingfor alvation.
This rare village covers an area of 917,200 hectares that are divided into 255,840 hectares of paddy fields, and 583,035 hectares of dry land consisting of moor and forest. Meanwhile, the remaining 78.325 hectares are used fro residential buildings and social facilitites. Geographical data from the regional development planning board (Bappeda) of Karangasem show that the village is flanked by two hills and is nodrdered in to the north by Muncan village, to the east with Bungaya and Asak villages, to the south by Pasedahan village and to the west with Ngis customary village.
Tenganan Pegringsingan village is located at an altitude of 50 to 500 meters above sea level with a temperature of 28-30 degrees Celsius and rainfall of 620 mm per year. The population is only 688 people, consisting of 333 men and 355 women with a total of 232 families. Most of whom are farmers with some tourism entrepreneurs. A variety of crafts are also made here including woven bamboo, carvings, painting on palm leaf (lontar). Visitors enjoy seeing the local buildings and the young craftsmen drawing on palm leaves.
This village also has a rich natural heritage including paddy fields, village forest, settlements, megalithic stones (legend of the village) and local flora and fauna (buffalo). Culturally, there are the traditional houses and sacred buildings (great pavilion, meeting hall, temple and others). Non-physicals cultural heritage, include unique rituals and ceremonies, traditional calendars, crafts (geringsing woven cloth, weaving of creeping fern, palm leave and coconut wine) and local cuisine. (BTN/ocha)