Kuningan is a series of Galungan feast day performed by the Hindus in Bali. It falls on the tenth day after Galungan, right on Saniscara Kliwon Kuningan or Saturday (Apr. 15, 2017). However, before Kuningan the Hindus do Penampahan ceremony marked by the slaughter of animals for offerings. This Penampahan day is preparation for carrying
Kuningan is a series of Galungan feast day performed by the Hindus in Bali. It falls on the tenth day after Galungan, right on Saniscara Kliwon Kuningan or Saturday (Apr. 15, 2017). However, before Kuningan the Hindus do Penampahan ceremony marked by the slaughter of animals for offerings. This Penampahan day is preparation for carrying out the Kuningan.
Chairman of the Hindu Dharma Council of Indonesia (PHDI) of Bali Chapter, Prof. Dr. I Gusti Ngurah Sudiana, said that Kuningan Day is believed to be the coming down of gods and goddesses to this mundane world. Then, there is the term angwehaken jagat ring para manusa kabeh meaning that gods and goddess come down to earth to give endowments to the whole mankind. “Celebration of Kuningan is conducted half a day to dedicate ter (an arrow), endongan and tamiang,” he said.
Endongan signifies supplies containing food offered to the gods and goddesses that will return to nirvana. However, the main human provision in living the life is knowledge and devotion (jnana) along with the most powerful weapon namely the peace of mind.
Meanwhile, the ter is the symbol of arrow (weapon) resembling an arrow used as weapon to stretch the mind. Then, sampian gantung is symbol of shield used to protect and fortify human self from bhuta kala (evil spirits). Tamiang also symbolizes repellent of bad forces. At the ceremony of Kuningan, Hindu devotees present dominantly yellow offerings like yellow rice and yellow cone as a symbol of Meru.
Yellow rice as a symbol of prosperity, and presented as an expression of gratitude for having received the endowments of God. Therefore, on Kuningan Day the Hindus should really win and take advantage of the endowments on the previous Galungan celebration. On Kuningan, the Hindus will always try to win and beat out Adharma (bhuta Dungulan, bhuta Galungan and bhuta Amangkurat) in his life.
The worship on Kuningan feast day should be carried out before midday or before 12:00. At that time, the energy of universe (five great elements: earth, water, fire, air and ether) rises from the morning until reaches its climax at midday. After which is called the return of the gods and goddesses to their abode (heaven), so that at that time the cosmic energy will decrease.
The next day, Sunday (Apr. 16) is Manis Kuningan, usually filled with the implementation of pilgrimage or tirtayatra for deepening faith and devotion to God Almighty. Besides, devotees also say prayers to temples and visit relatives and family to maintain social relationship. (BTN/015)