Use of Animal Flesh in Ritual, To Fill in Offerings and Iber-iber in Clockwise Procession

Use of Animal Flesh in Ritual, To Fill in Offerings and Iber-iber in Clockwise Procession

Animal flesh is often used to fill in oblations such in the tebasan and peras oblations. By and large, the animal whose grilled flesh used to fill in some oblations is chicken and sometime people also use ducks. Other than for the oblation, the flesh is also taken advantage to make food such as satay

Animal flesh is often used to fill in oblations such in the tebasan and peras oblations. By and large, the animal whose grilled flesh used to fill in some oblations is chicken and sometime people also use ducks. Other than for the oblation, the flesh is also taken advantage to make food such as satay and so on. Besides, people also often use pork in various preparations. However, in reality people should not always use flesh of living animal for their oblations.

Ida Bagus Alit said that poultry are usually used as an iber-iber where this animal will be released or thrown alive. After that, it will walk away shortly after it has been spinning around for three times. This procession is meant to determine the direction or point out the direction which path should be taken by the Atma in order to reach heaven.

Meanwhile, I Gede Agus Budi Adnyana, added that chicken and ducks are also used in alive condition during the ceremony like dewa yadnya where the animals with other oblations are carried when surrounding shrines in a series of ceremonial procession. Additionally, each community holding this will also bring along yellow rice to be eaten by the chickens and ducks.

“The duck itself functions as a controller and represents satvika (goodness, constructive, harmony) aspect, while chicken is a symbol of creation or rajas (passion, active, confused) and the body. Meanwhile, the white and yellow rice seeds have significance of prosperity and happiness,” he said.

Budi Adnyana added that in the ritual procession of pitra yadnya, there is procession known as mapurwa daksina where the animal used in the rituals will be taken to go around the ceremony location clockwise, and devotees will usually use white buffalo.

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Similar opinion was conveyed by I Nyoman Kunuk, the owner of the ivory cattle from Kekeran hamlet, Selanbawak, Marga, Tabanan. He said that murwa daksina ritual procession with the use of ivory cattle is commonly found in Nyekah and Ngerit procession only and not applied in other ceremonies. The process itself is done by leading the cow surround the Pradnyan pavilion for three times and should walk slowly and carefully so that the white or yellow cow rectangle containing silver and others can be stepped on.

In accordance with the belief of local community, the ivory cow is a symbol of cattle or nandini ox functioning as the vehicle of Lord Shiva. In the procession of this ceremony, the cow is supposedly ridden by the deceased, while in the ritual the deceased is hoped to be able to go to the abode of Lord Shiva. As the accompaniment, devotees must chant the Aji Kembang psalmody. He also participates in chanting the psalmody even though it should be done by local people.

“Uniqueness in the belief of Balinese people regarding the ceremonial procession or ngiterin lies in myth that if the cow is defecating or urinating at the location, it will be very good or serves as a boon. This happens because they believe that both the dung and urine will also be good for the fertility of the plants in their fields,” he added. (BTN/was)



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