In Balinese life, bananas play an important role. Apart from their use as a source of food, bananas are also used in various forms of banten (oblations), presented in the form of slices, piece and bunches. The Balinese also commonly use other parts of the banana for a variety of purposes. For example, banana tree leaves are
In Balinese life, bananas play an important role. Apart from their use as a source of food, bananas are also used in various forms of banten (oblations), presented in the form of slices, piece and bunches. The Balinese also commonly use other parts of the banana for a variety of purposes.
For example, banana tree leaves are used to wrap food and are also used for bebantenan ingredients and banana tree trunks are used as fodder. Almost all parts of this plant ate used in the life of the Balinese Hindu Community.
Banana is also used in yadnya or sacrificial ceremonies when it is known as biu lalung. Ni Nengah Kompyang explained that the biu lalung along with fishtail palm, sacred fig and banyan tree leaves are placed on the pillar of the surya shrine usually in the northeast point of the ritual location
Any type of banana – expect for seedy banana and saba banana can be used for biu lalung. ,The former should never be used in rituals, she said “Not all rituals require biu lalung on its surya shrine. If the oblation presented in the ritual use pulagembal paraphernalia, there is no need to use biu lalung. However, if bebangkit oblations are required, then biu lalung must be added to the surya shrine’ she added.
Biu lalung is composed of banana coming from a tree that has only 2 or 3 bunches that only have 4-5 pieces and cannot bear more fruit. The banana heart or flower must remain intact at the end of each bunch. The stem and some pieces of banana leaf are also included.
Dr. I Gusti Made Ngurah explained similar criteria adding that height of biu lalung is approximately 60 cm because the banana plant is still growing. Biu lalung is only complete he said, if the heart, fruit (phalam) and little leaves (patram) are intact. In the ritual procession, the banana will surely be sprinkled with holy water as the toyam.
He added that it is imperative that biu lalung be available because the offerings on the surya shrine are the head of all the offerings in the yadnya or ritual implemented. All the ayaban-ayaban represent the body, while the bottom starting from the stage, caru to segehan including sate gelar sanga plays an important role as the legs. The head should be filled in with proper offerings on the surya shrine.
“In this case, biu lalung is an offering and serves as a representation of something remaining natural that we can use as is. Having been used, the biu lalung cannot be used again or planted though it can be used to make organic fetilizer”, he concluded. (BTN/was)