According to Balinese people, especially the Hindus, every sacred building or shrine placed in the yard of a house or family temple must be respectively functioned according to its location and name. In addition, the sacred buildings are not only functioned, but also believed to be the abode of deities, ancestral spirits and other psychical
According to Balinese people, especially the Hindus, every sacred building or shrine placed in the yard of a house or family temple must be respectively functioned according to its location and name. In addition, the sacred buildings are not only functioned, but also believed to be the abode of deities, ancestral spirits and other psychical beings. Moreover, the Tugun Karang shrine or often called as Pengijeng Karang is very often associated with the psychical and haunted thing.
Tugun Karang comes from the word tuhu meaning ‘to know’ or ‘have knowledge.’ Karang means ‘yard’ or house yard or human body. Who can understand and know about one’s body well, and then he or she is the one who reaches the balance of physical and psychical realm. In the Hindu mysticism and philosophy, Tugun Karang is the ultimate mantra. Tugun is Tang, Ang and Ung; summarized into Karang, namely Ang and Ah. Ang and Ah are double syllables symbolizing the life and death.
Tugun Karang made by the elders of Balinese people is not just a sacred and simple building. It is a sanctified building made and put at a special location through magical and mystical calculation. Thus, the Tugun Karang serves as a pecalang or guardian in a house compound that keeps safety psychically.
Each sikut satak of home yard must have two kinds of shrine, namely the Pangulun Karang in the form of kemulan or three-chambered shrine and Panunggun Karang functioned as mentioned before. According to I Gusti Ketut Dalem, a permanent lecturer at the Dharma Duta Faculty of the IHDN Denpasar, Tugun Karang shrine is the abode of Ida Ratu Sedahan Panunggun Karang, in charge of security guard in the house compound.
“Actually, he has existed before there are people taking advantage of the land area either intended for housing or moors. According to the elders, they have diverse manifestations according to the place and position. There is manifestation as Jero Dukuh or elder figure, elephant, horse, tiger and other forms,” he said.
Many people do not know that Tugun Karang is the gateway of psychical beings coming from psychical world to physical world. Moreover, if a human is willing to enter the psychical dimension must seek permission and pass through this gateway. The deity abiding in the Tungun Karang shrine also plays an important role to protect residents from psychical attacks, such as witch.
However, lately many people are ignorant and do not believe in the power of psychical beings in Tugun Karang. The Kala Tattwa palm-leaf manuscript carries that Ida Bhatara Kala changes its form into Sedahan Karang / Sawah / Abian with the function as Pecalang, having the same function as Pangerurah, Penganggit Lawang or Patih in family temple or public temple. (BTN/uma)