A side from nature and culture, Bali also offers a spiritual tourism because it has several historic places sanctified by the Hindu community. One of them is the Mengening Temple at Saraseda village, Tampaksiring, Gianyar. This attraction offers a cool and beautiful atmosphere. Those that can read the signs of nature will feel something different
A side from nature and culture, Bali also offers a spiritual tourism because it has several historic places sanctified by the Hindu community. One of them is the Mengening Temple at Saraseda village, Tampaksiring, Gianyar. This attraction offers a cool and beautiful atmosphere. Those that can read the signs of nature will feel something different resulting in tranquility.
Inside the temple, there is a spring used as a place to invoke holy water as a means of ceremony for Balinese Hindus. Besides, there is a pool that can be used for self-cleaning. It is divided into two, namely a special bathing pool for men and women.
Before entering the bathing pool, visitors are advised to use cloth and then step down some stairs to get to the pool. Local people are accustomed to using the pool for bathing, self-cleaning. Moreover, on certain holidays, many Balinese Hindus come to the temple to do self-purificatory rite to get rid of spiritual impurities.
Local people visit the temple almost every afternoon to bathe with friends or family. “We bathe here almost every day. The atmosphere is cool and the water is fresh, so that the body and mind feel fresh as well. We love the atmosphere in this peaceful and quiet temple. When bathing, we usually offer some offerings to invoke salvation,” said a local resident.
Mengening Temple implements the tri mandala or three horizontal spatial dimension concept, namely the nista mandala (outermost), madya mandala (middle) and uttama mandala (innermost courtyard). In the outermost courtyard of the Mengening Temple sits a garden with pancaka tirtha. This garden is used as a place of self-purification by local deities. In some places, there is also a source of holy water commonly taken by the community for ritual purposes.
According to the temple attendant, the spring of holy water includes the Tirtha Keben, Tirtha Sudamala, Tirtha Melela, Tirtha Soka, Tirtha Megelung, Tirtha Tunggang and Tirtha Telaga Waja. Meanwhile, in the area of Pancaka tirtha garden sits the Tirtha Parisuda, Tirtha Pengelukatan, Tirtha Pengulapan, Tirtha Keris and Tirtha Kamaning. Visitors are not allowed to bathe in the springs to prevent the water from receding and disappearing.
In the middle courtyard there are some buildings such as gamelan pavilion, wooden split drum (kulkul) tower, Bale Pegambahan and Bale Pegat. Then, the innermost courtyard consists of some shrines including three-tiered meru shrine as the abode of Ida Bathara Prasada Agung, the chamber is the abode of deities of Gunung Kawi, Limas shrine for deity of Tirta Empul, Pemaruman, Bale Saka Ulu as the abode of Lord Shiva, Paselang pavilion, Bale Pecanangan and Bale Penganteb.
In the chronicle of Mengening Temple of Tampaksiring is not clearly stated when the temple was established. According to local people, Mengening Temple was predicted to be established during the reign of King Masula-Masuli at Pejeng. He has his own story so that he got to Pejeng. Masula-Masuli was previously named I Sula and I Suli. They are male and female couple born from troktokan of ivory coconut at Besakih region. I Sula and I Suli were then invited by I Sangkul Putih.
I Sula and I Suli made all the gods come down to watch both children. Moreover, Goddess Bhyahpara and Goddess Danu finally asked Lord Jagatnatha so that Dukuh Sangkul Putih wanted to bring I Sula and I Suli to Pejeng. When arrived at Pejeng, Sinuhun named them Masula-Masuli. This name is given in connection with the twin birth.
During the reign of King Masula-Masuli, the Mengening Temple was only made some improvements. He appointed an architect who really knew about the concept of temples and buildings with the Hindu concept as advised by Bhagawan Wiswa Karma. King Masula-Masuli appointed Empu Kuturan to make improvement to several buildings at Mengening Temple. In addition, in the reign of King Masula-Masuli it is reaffirmed the name of deity abiding in the shrine of Prasada Agung namely Ida Batara Hyang Maha Suci Nirmala. (BTN/015)