After celebrating the Galungan Day, the victory of dharma against adharma or the victory of Jayatiga against Kalatiga, the Hindu community in Bali then celebrates Kuningan falling on the Saniscara Kliwon Kuningan or Saturday (Nov. 11). The Kuningan festival begins with a ritual ceremony by slaughtering animals for offerings. Dr. Ketut Sumadi, a lecturer at
After celebrating the Galungan Day, the victory of dharma against adharma or the victory of Jayatiga against Kalatiga, the Hindu community in Bali then celebrates Kuningan falling on the Saniscara Kliwon Kuningan or Saturday (Nov. 11). The Kuningan festival begins with a ritual ceremony by slaughtering animals for offerings.
Dr. Ketut Sumadi, a lecturer at the IHDN Denpasar, said that before celebrating Kuningan, the Hindu community in Bali holds a ceremony named Pemacekan Agung on Monday after Galungan and before Kuningan. This holy day of pemacekan agung means that devotees may not be careless, must always attempt that jaya tiga is always strong within. Pemacekan Agung means that human should be really a strong person in order to be able to carry out activities, according to the tasks and obligation.
The day before Kuningan, Hindus celebrate Penampahan Kuningan whose procession is the same as Galungan, namely starting to do self-purification, so that it is symbolized with animal (pigs or chickens) slaughtering. “It means to increase again self-awareness so as not to be tease by the kala tiga. Therefore, one needs to strengthen himself to overcome the temptations of life. Philosophically, when doing self-contemplation we increase self-consciousness by denuding ourselves. Sadripu as the six internal enemies can sometimes make us forget,” he explained.
Sumadi asserted that on Kuningan Day the ancestors and deities come down to earth as well as bestow prosperity for humanity. On that account, the characteristic offerings presented are yellow rice coming with tamiang, ter (arrow) and endongan. They symbolize the weapons as self-protection for the next life based on the holy and useful knowledge.
On Kuningan, all worships must be completed before midday because it is the culmination of understanding that means never to stop before reaching the peak. After that, it just continues. It is the reason why the Hindus offer yellow oblations symbolizing the summit of happiness, the struggle of life that must be successful. Meanwhile, the worship is dedicated to Mahadev as the god of happiness.
On the feast of Kuningan, explained Dr. Sumadi, mankind has achieved happiness and always increases the creativity and innovation. Moreover, Bali as a world’s tourist destination makes people more creative. “During the festivities, we seem to rejoice, marked with cultural performance such as ngelawang or street show. That’s why, in the past each hamlet had barong bangkung art troupe as well as other arts,” he said.
The next day, Sunday (Nov. 12) is usually celebrated with tirtayatra or pilgrimage the increase faith and devotion to God Almighty. On that account, Hindu devotees do worship to temples. It is also resumed with social visit to relatives and friends. (BTN/015)