Historical heritage of Wasan Temple Site, Puseh Wasan Temple, is located at Blahtanah hamlet, Batuan Kaler, Sukawati, Gianyar. It will be transformed into a spiritual attraction. Some time ago, the Bali, NTB, and NTT Archaeological Institute returned to research by taking the position of excavation in the northeast of Wasan Temple Site. This 24th research
Historical heritage of Wasan Temple Site, Puseh Wasan Temple, is located at Blahtanah hamlet, Batuan Kaler, Sukawati, Gianyar. It will be transformed into a spiritual attraction. Some time ago, the Bali, NTB, and NTT Archaeological Institute returned to research by taking the position of excavation in the northeast of Wasan Temple Site.
This 24th research stage involved 12 researchers to find the supporting buildings of Wasan Temple. In previous research was found archeological items with fundamental in nature in the form of a temple with stone structure having the foot length of 11 meters, width of 8 meters, and height of 13 meters as well as a pond measuring 22 meters long, 7 meters wide and 3 meters depth.
This research also involved about five supporting devotees (pengempon) of the local temple, especially in the excavation of the land. Once everything is revealed, Wasan Site located amid the paddy fields of Subak Wasan is projected to be a spiritual tourist attraction. “This research is a continuation of the findings of 2016. At that time was found some structural buildings made of sand stone,” said the Head of the Archaeological Institute for Bali, NTB, and NTT, I Gusti Made Suarbawa.
He has not been able to predict the supporting buildings of the temple. However, in terms of the soil texture, the building is estimated to have been buried during a flash flood disaster. The type of floating soil also indicates if this area was also affected by volcanic ashes from the eruption of Mount Rinjani in Lombok in ancient time.
Suarbawa added that the study was based on the research during the period of 1986 to 2006 that found archaeological remains like the temples with stone construction and a pond having been restored by Heritage Conservation Agency for Bali, NTB and NTT Region in 2009. The results of the study were followed up with the excavations from 2011 to 2017.
Suarbawa said the complex of Wasan Temple Site is estimated to date from XIII-XIV AD based on statues found on Wasan site, such as four-faced Brahma statue, deity statue and Nandhi statue whose lapels are decorated with skulls. Besides, it was found the statues of Ganesha, Lingam-Yoni, statues of embodiments and statues of animals.
The finding of this Wasan Temple site is inseparable from the role of a Dutch researcher, JC Krishman, who first visited the Wasan site in 1950. At that time, he only found the mounds of land and a number of scattered ancient statues. But the temple supporting devotees still used the location for worship by establishing a simple building on it.
A few years later, the Denpasar Archaeological Institute conducted an observation to the site and found some relics of statue. The observation was done by accident. In 1986, the institute was doing research in Cangi, and then on the request of residents, the Denpasar Archaeological Institute team was delivered to Wasan Site.
Priest of the Puseh Wasan, Jro Mangku Wayan Lasia Siaja, 48, said that he supports the research so that people know about the history of Wasan site. Formerly, the Puseh Temple area was still a bush, but after the research it has turned into something like this. “Existence of this temple is very strategic located in the area of Denpasar-Gianyar road section, making it possible to become a tourist attraction. Many foreign tourists had made a visit to this site,” he said.
Tourists from the Netherlands and France came here where they more frequently visited for spiritual tourism purposes. They get information from the internet. However, the tourists often complain about the difficulty to look for the site location. Then, it needs a signboard of Wasan Site. “In the 2000s, the tourists made a visit and stayed overnight to do meditation,” he explained.