Traditional games look very simple. They always dwell on nature and get very close to the habits existing in the local social environment. This type of game seems to have no limit because almost all places can be used as a playground. This ancient game has many benefits such as learning sportsmanship, honesty, discipline and
Traditional games look very simple. They always dwell on nature and get very close to the habits existing in the local social environment. This type of game seems to have no limit because almost all places can be used as a playground. This ancient game has many benefits such as learning sportsmanship, honesty, discipline and respect.
These values thrive because they always make dissemination to friends in the environment becoming their natural playground. Accepting defeat and recognizing the opponent’s victory in the game is an example of a sportsmanlike attitude. In addition to training physical endurance, the traditional games are also to hone the intelligence because when playing the children must be able to set the strategy.
Rector of the State Hindu Dharma Institute (IHDN) Denpasar, Prof. Dr. I Gusti Ngurah Sudiana, said that traditional games in Bali can become a medium for dissemination. In the games, they will always invite others as a reflection of cooperation. “In the game, there is a lesson for mutual respect and apologies if something goes wrong and rewards when someone wins,” he said.
Prof. Dr. I Gusti Ngurah Sudiana
The games also have very positive influence because it forces the children to be creative as they also demand higher creativity. Such activity can also increase self-confidence because there are elements to train communication. Children as players of the game become more confident and democratic. “When determining a leader or punishment for the offending child, they do by agreement,” added Sudiana.
Besides, said this Chairman of Hindu Dharma Council of Indonesia (PHDI) of Bali, traditional games are also part of the application of Hindu teachings such as philosophy (tattva), karmic law, tat tvam asi (You are that (God)) and Tri Kaya Parisudha. “When viewed from an educational perspective, people learn from nature. Meanwhile, if learning from cultural theories, people learn from others and the environment,” he explained.
When playing, they always make others happy, in addition to make them happy. In Sundaram’s teachings meaning beauty it will be able to make others happy and peaceful. It is also the teaching of yadnya (sincere sacrifice). Peacefulness makes them not quarrel, fight but strengthen friendship.
Moreover, the teachings of Karmic law limit them from doing arbitrarily. They realize if doing wrong and doing not good, they will get punishment from friends according to mutual agreement. Therefore a child will not dare to hurt his friend. Because, if he is hurt will also feel the same. It is in accordance with the teaching of tat tvam asi.
The real application of Hinduism is the Tri Kaya Parisuda teaching, meaning think good, say good and do goodness. After performing the games, they uphold the values of honesty, though not told before. “It happens due to the influence of creative culture of children’s minds, especially through religious teaching,” he added.
According to Prof. Sudiana, traditional games in Bali are inspired by the teachings of Hinduism interpreted innocently by children. The games can be inspired by ritual activities, and so can the games into activity. For example, a ritual activity of sesuwunan (sanctified effigies) can then become a game such as in the mebarong-barongan (barong-like game), and mengunying-ngunyingan. On the contrary, a game can become a ritual procession, like the making of barong bangkung (boar) that can become sesuwunan because it passes through trance process.
Nevertheless, playing traditional games is not a form of offering, but an activity to fulfill the desire to interact with other children, relieve stress and saturation as well as grow creativity. More importantly, children can learn in their own environment. “Children of the past made the natural surroundings into a medium of their game. Certainly it is from the results of their creativity, not consumptive like many children do in the current era,” he explained. (BTN/bud)