In surviving their life, the Hindu community in Bali always does an activity supported by various things such as hoes, machetes, knives and sacred tools in the form of spear and kris dagger. All the devices are made by Pande clan or ironsmith, a community being good at making weapons of iron. Interestingly, all the descendants of Pande clan in Bali always say prayers in the Pande Tamblingan Temple. Why?
At the verge of mangrove forests of Lake Tamblingan lies a unique temple called the Pande Tamblingan Temple. Balinese people, especially the Pande clan flock to perform prayers in the temple. Although the lake water overflows and floods the outermost courtyard of the temple, it does not dampen the Pande community to say prayers. It aims at invoking safety, especially in carrying out the profession as a weapon maker.
The temple poses the forerunner of the birth of Pande clan since ancient times. It is located about 65 km north of Denpasar, or about 30 km south of Singaraja town. Precisely, the temple is situated among the four villages namely the Munduk, Gobleg, Gesing and Umajero. The closest village to the temple is Tamblingan hamlet, belonging to Munduk Village.
The Pande Tamblingan Temple perching on the verge of Lake Tamblingan spread across the area of 2,000 square meters. In the temple the devotees venerate the Lord Pasupati (Lord Brahma), Lingam-Yoni as well as the ancestors of Pande clan. Aside from Pande clan at the four villages, the temple is also venerated by Pande clan from Celuk and Bitra Village (Gianyar), Kayu Putih and Baturiti Village.
Pujawali or anniversary of the temple falls on full moon of the first month in Balinese calendar (July 3, 2012). Devotees came to the temple by passing through the woods and riding traditional boat services operated by lake fishermen.
According to wayan gedeSutama, the man from Celuk Village pioneering the excavation of local site and the temple establishment, the temple area around the Lake Tamblingan was originally a residential area of Pande community. It was evidenced by many discoveries of Pande heritage objects when doing the excavating for the temple construction. Some were in the form of cooling container and iron stones.
Additionally, the man familiarly greeted Mr. Dedes also found the Tamblingan inscription. It was found by chance on September 26, 2002 during the restoration of the Endek Temple located within the proximity of Pande Tamblingan Temple or 150 meters from the woods. “Discovery of this inscription also strengthens if this area was indeed the territory of Pande clan,” he said.
Sutama also explained if the inscription was kept in an earthenware jug buried in the depth of about 75 cm. Having examined the inscription consisting of 16 blades, in fact they were issued by the king of ancient Bali from different periods, namely the King Ugrasena, Udayana and Suradipha.
On the inscription originating from Ugrasena period, it was mentioned if the Pande community had been capable of making an armor used in a war, while the inscription from the period of Udayana and Suradipha mentioned the existence of papilihan mas and pwesi as well as Selonding gamelan. “The inscription states that Pande community and Selonding gamelan players got the exemption from the obligation of paying taxes,” he added.
Sutama added that during the leadership of Bali ancient kingdom the King Asta Sura Bumi Banten was not subject to the authority of Majapahit. As consequence, a troop under the commander of the Arya Cengceng was assigned to attack the Pande community. Based on the information of secret service, Gajah Mada knew if Tamblingan was the center of the arms industry of the kings in Bali. Afterward, the settlement of Pande Tamblingan was attacked. Its amphibian forces were spread to all corners of Bali. “Probably, it was the reason why the inscriptions were hidden in jars and buried under the ground, so the descendants of Pande would then know about the history and genealogy of their ancestors,” he said seriously. (BTN/mang)
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