Krialoka (Workshop) on the Making of Baligraphy (Balinese calligraphy) in series with the Balinese Language Month (BLM) 2021 took place on the first floor of the Ksiraarnawa Building, Bali Art Center, Denpasar, on Wednesday (Feb. 10). This literary activity was attended by 25 participants consisting of younger generation coming from students from several universities in Bali as well as Balinese language instructors from various regions in Bali.
This workshop presented two speakers, namely I Kadek Suardita, a Baligraphy Practitioner and Made Reland Udayana Tangkas, a lecturer at STAHN Mpu Kuturan while Made Susila Putra, also a lecturer at STAHN Mpu Kuturan, served as moderator.
Kadek Suardita provided basic knowledge on Baligraphy, namely basic knowledge of characters, both in adjustments and in placing details or diacritical symbols, such as appended diacritics (gantungan), affixed diacritics (gempelan) and others. Baligraphy is part of fine art using the basics of art applied to create a work of art (Baligraphy), including points, lines, fields, shapes, spaces, colors, textures, dark and light and others. “We provide simple basics because Baligraphy is also part of the elements of fine art,” he explained.
According to him, in order to be able to make Baligraphy, all participants must first understand the elements of fine art, and then understand the elements of the script. After that, combine the scripts with the elements of art into a work of Baligraphy. “Baligraphy is the art of writing using Balinese scripts. In short, it is the making of calligraphy using Balinese scripts. This must be kept safe because not too many have been able to do it. On that account, it needs to be developed, starting from this Balinese Language Month activity in this workshop,” he said.
According to him, learning the Making of Baligraphy is very important because it is a Balinese culture that is not shared by other regions and even other countries. This is a strong cultural root, so that it needs to be studied. “Currently, tourism is still down, so this is an opportunity to learn more about cultures that have not been explored. Moreover, the Balinese government has implemented Balinese script in the names of institutions, so it is a way to learn Balinese script and Baligraphy,” he added.
Meanwhile, Made Reland Udayana Tangkas in his paper entitled Baligraphy: Encounter, Discovery, Script, Literature and Fine Arts began the discussion by explaining the origin of Baligraphy introduced starting from an International Baligraphy Festival 2013 at the Gunarsa Museum. Baligraphy is important to do because it is a noble Balinese culture. Especially in this era of globalization, the Making of Baligraphy is a medium to preserve Balinese culture.
Meanwhile, the Technical Executive for Balinese Language Month (BLM) 2021, Made Mahesa Yuma Putra, after opening the activity, stated that the Making of Baligraphy is the first workshop activity welcomed enthusiastically by young generations. Moreover, there are quite a lot of interested participants. However, due to the Covid-19 epidemic, participants are then limited to only 25. “The implementation of health protocols is part of the workshop, such as wearing mask, washing hands, checking temperature and maintaining distance,” he explained.
The workshop on the Making of Baligraphy aims to preserve script, language and literature in the form of palm-leaf manuscript writing. Baligraphy is a series of letters or literature having a meaning. “Writing calligraphy is indeed very rare. That’s why we, the organizing committee for the activities in the framework of the Balinese Language Month 2021, hold a workshop. The point is to get people interested in making a series of meaningful characters,” he added.
Even though it is only held in a day, the workshop activity is expected to provide a refreshment in the implementation of the Balinese Language Month which lasts for a month. On that account, this workshop is not only presenting theories, but also accompanied with practice of how to write Baligraphy. “People who can write Baligraphy are very rare because they are rarely in demand, so this workshop is being made. This really needs to be explained because the writing of palm-leaf manuscript and the Baligraphy are different,” he explained.
In Baligraphy, there are images assembled from meaningful characters. The medium is the same as palm-leaf manuscript and uses a sharp knife tool. “The modern term is comic. So our ancestors used to make comic whose inspiration was taken from folklore and puppet becoming the character booster,” he concluded. (BTN/015)